Nuuk (nuke or nook or new’-uck) is the capital and largest city. It is the world’s most northern capital and one the smallest, by population. The name means “cape” and refers to its location at the end of a fjord.
Qaanaaq (kah’-knack or kah’-knock) is Greenland’s northern-most town, in the northwest, formerly Thule, which was set up as a military base.
Aasiaat (ah-shot’) is in western Greenland, and is the 5th largest town, located at the southern end of Disko Bay. Lies in the heart of the Aasiaat Archipelago. The name means “spiders”.
Paamiut (Pa’-me-ut) is in southern Greenland on the coast of the Labrador Sea at the end of a small estuary. the name means “Those who Reside by the Mouth”.It was first settled in 1500 BC.
Ilulissat (i-loo’-li-sat those are short i’s) is on the west coast, and was formerly called Jacobshavin, which was a trading post. Ilulissat is the Kalaallisut word for “icebergs”. Here is the Ilulissat Icefjord, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was the birthplace of explorer Knud Rasmussen.
Kulusuk (kuh’-lusk) is on the island of Sermersook in the southeast, and means “Chest of a Black Guillemot” (a black seabird with a white wing patch).
Kalaallit Nunaat (Kah’-lah-lit new naht) is the Inuit name for Greenland. It is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
Narsaq (nar’-zak) is an agricultural town in the south of the island. Its name means “plains” and refers to the plain it sits on. Its mainstays are fishing and sheep farming.
Tasiilaq (Ta‘-zee-eye’-lack or tahsh’-lack)is a southeastern town founded in 1894. It is located in a deep fjord.